Don’t forget that in order to enjoy a long and healthy life you need to maintain a healthy diet and get regular exercise to prevent obesity and other disorders.
Arthritis is inflammation of the joints (the points where bones meet) in one or more areas of the body.
Arthritis, also sometimes referred to as osteoarthritis, is a disease that attacks the joints, causing the cartilage at the end of the bones to wear down. It manifests most commonly in the elderly.
Common arthritis symptoms of pain and stiffness are usually caused by degenerative arthritis (osteoarthritis). The more than 100 types of arthritis include rheumatoid arthritis and gout. A diagnosis is necessary in order to develop a treatment plan.
Several factors can influence the onset of the disease, however, apart from a person’s age. Anyone older than 45 years old is at a higher risk of developing arthritis. It’s also influenced by gender, because although arthritis occurs in both men and women, it often appears earlier in women. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, arthritis is more common in women than men and in those that are overweight (CDC).
Arthritis causes swelling, pain, and loss of motion in the joints. This is produced by the constant wear of the cartilage that pads the end of your joint bones. Cartilage protects them from friction, but in extreme cases of arthritis the cartilage disappears and bone rubs against bone, causing severe joint pain. Over a long time, arthritis will eventually cause deformities in the affected regions.
Arthritis can occur in any joint in the body, but the most common ones are in the back – particularly the neck and lower back – along with the knees, fingers, and hands.
The symptoms of arthritis usually appear gradually but they may also occur suddenly.
Arthritis in the hands might appear after age 50, and is thought to be related to genetics so it might be inherited by some family members and not by others.
During the first phase of arthritis you’ll experience pain in the joints following any movement of the affected area, which is relieved after you rest. In the second phase you’ll find that you feel pain during physical activity as well as while resting. The periods of pain will become longer and it will become a more constant nuisance.
Another symptom of arthritis is stiffness in the joints that prevents you from moving the affected area normally, and you’ll experience a greater level of pain over time.