How Alcohol Affects Your Body On The Short and Long Terms?

It’s safe to say that alcohol is both a tonic and a poison. The difference lies mostly in the dose.

How Alcohol Affects Our Body Short and Long Term

The active ingredient in alcoholic beverages, a simple molecule called ethanol, affects the body in many different ways. It directly influences the stomach, brain, heart, gallbladder, and liver.

Consumed alcohol is absorbed by the stomach and small intestine. From there, it enters in our heart, brain, muscles and other tissues through the bloodstream.

In this article we will explain the short term and long term effects of drinking alcohol. After reading this facts, it’s up to you if you risk your health thus again.

Short-Term Effects

After consuming a few drinks, you will feel decrease of your central nervous system. This happens as an effect of the alcohol on the balance of neurotransmitters, which are the chemicals accountable for communicating information between nerves.

Here are the most common symptoms you will suffer:

  • Slurred speech
  • Distorted vision and hearing
  • Drowsiness
  • Headaches
  • Upset stomach
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Unconsciousness
  • Impaired judgment
  • Blackouts (memory lapses or inability to recall events that happened while under the influence)
  • Decreased perception and coordination
  • Anemia (loss of red blood cells)
  • Coma

We should be aware that alcohol is also the main reason of car accidents, and can often lead to fire injuries, dangerous falls, drowning and industrial accidents.

Alcohol and Driving

This is the worst combination! This is the last thing you should practice, because it is extremely dangerous.

Alcohol will reduce your cognitive abilities, as it decreases neurotransmission levels, and in that way, it impairs your vision, coordination, reaction time, multitasking ability, judgment, and decision-making. Therefore, driving in this condition is far from safe!

If you are under the influence of alcohol, your perception of distance and speed perception is deformed. Thus, you are speeding while you think that you are driving slower, or you see things farther or closer than they are in reality.

Additionally, alcohol inhibits your ability to recognize hazardous situations and to make reasonable decisions about an impending danger, and slows down your reaction time even when you make a good decision.

Hidden Effects

The most common changes that it causes are the following:

  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Respiratory infections
  • High blood pressure
  • Inflammation of your stomach lining
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • High blood pressure
  •  Lowered immune response

Long-Term Effects

The short term effects are temporary and they goes away as soon as the alcohol has been metabolized and discarded from our body. On the other hand, the long-term effects will aggravate these effects, and will also make them lasting.

You can face numerous complicated issues in acquiring and processing new information, as well as problem-solving difficulties. Also, heart disease can be noticed in around 25% of the people who often consume alcohol. Frequent consumption of alcohol leads to numerous heart conditions, such as coronary heart disease, increased blood pressure, cardiac arrhythmia, a higher risk of stroke, cardiomyopathy – enlargement of the heart muscle which makes it more rigid and harder to contract.

 

The regular use of alcohol consumption will also increase the risk of mouth, throat, esophageal, bowel, breast, and liver cancer, as well as musculoskeletal damage.

Sources:
goodmorningcenter.com
hsph.harvard.edu

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